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二十一世紀的國立俄羅斯圖書館:The National Library of Russia in the XXI century: Searching for new ways of the development
Contributors:Anton Likhomanov (國立俄羅斯圖書館館長) 主講;
Created / Published:國家圖書館
Running Times:24分38秒
Play Times:32
Recommended Times:0
Keywords:俄羅斯圖書館;國家圖書館;National Library of Russia;
Authorized to Play:網際網路公開傳輸
成立扵 1975 年,本館是帝俄時期,第一所公共圖書館。1814 年對外開放,藏書 36,500,000冊,每年有一百萬讀者進館,借書達七百萬冊。就藏書量而言,居世界五大之一。本館典藏 1917 年之前出版之所有俄國文學作品,以及為數極多的手抄本與善本古籍。 目前圖書館界之蔵書質量有所改變,本館亦受到波及;遂以,擴大電子出版品與再評估以收益為主的資訊角色。 發展最新的資訊技術,如數位保存與遠距提供書目全文、影像等,而不需中介。增加資訊的價值,成立圖書與資訊網路,並發展公司合夥關係。員工須不斷地翻新其知識與技能。二十一世紀本館的主要發展方向如下:館務作業流程自動化,此即創立電子目錄與印本書數位化;使用新方法以保存本館頂有價值之典藏;將本館轉型為一重要的文化中心;鼓勵研究與發展;加強資源收集與技術革新;完成新館建築;最後培養與發展員工專業。

The National Library of Russia (NLR) – is the first Public library of the Russian Empire. It was founded in 1795 and in 1814 was opened for readers.
The NLR preserves over 36,500,000 books and other materials, annually it serves one million visitors and loans about 7 million items. At the present day, the total area of the premises occupied by the NLR is 115 thousand meters.
By the volume of its collection the NLR is one of the five largest libraries in the world. The National Library of Russia has the most complete collection of literature in Russian, published prior to 1917, as well as a rich collection of manuscripts and rare books.
The NLR has been receiving an obligatory copy of all printed materials published in Russia since 1810. In 2011, the Library received 448.3 thousand publications.
Currently, a place and a role of the NLR in the library system of the country and of the world is influenced by qualitative changes in the library and information environment, the most significant of which are:
•wide extension of electronic publications and revaluation of the role of information for areas of interest and the development of society and individuals;
•the development of new information technologies: digital preservation and remote distribution of bibliographic, textual, visual or other information, possibility for providing an access to information without intermediaries;
•increase of the value of information, which limits the possibilities of each of the libraries, and as a consequence - the formation of library and information networks, the development of corporate partnership;
•increase of demands for services provided by libraries and needs of staff are in constant updating of knowledge and competence.
The main directions for the development of the NLR in the XXI century are:
•automation of library processes: the creation of electronic catalogs, digitization of books on hard copy;
•use of new ways for preservation of the most valuable collection in the Library;
•transformation of the library into an important cultural center;
•the development of research;
•strengthening the material and technical basis, the completion of the new building;
•staff development.


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