Advanced Search About DAVA
 
 
播放 暫停 停止 全螢幕
當紀念碑遇到寺廟:噍吧哖事件的國家與地方社會之記憶
 
Contributors:康豹(Paul R. Katz)主講;
Created / Published:國家圖書館
Date:2017/11/01
Language:英語
Parts:全一集
Running Times:01:30:35
Play Times:2
Recommended Times:0
Keywords:噍吧哖事件;
Authorized to Play:網際網路
Source:國家圖書館拍攝
[2]3.95.139.100
  
當紀念碑遇到寺廟:噍吧哖事件的國家與地方社會之記憶
Monuments vs. Temples: State and Local Memories of the Ta-pa-ni Incident

康豹主講
中央研究院近代史研究所特聘研究員

Paul R. Katz 康豹
Distinguished Research Fellow, Institute of Modern History Academia Sinica

近年來,關於台灣近代史所謂的「真相」一直爭執不休。無論是課綱之「微調」爭議,或是戰後之台灣定位等問題,不斷有人堅持要還原所有的真相,使台灣的政治與教育環境陷入混亂。其實,堅持要還原歷史真相本來就是一種不合理的要求,再怎麼努力用功的歷史學家也無法達到此目標。這是因為人類歷史中沒有任何一個事件是完整地被記錄下來;即使有最先進的高科技社會也是如此。再者,不只是資料有限,即使是不同的史家也可以(甚至於應該)對於其所接觸的資料有不同的解讀。換句話說,歷史並非客觀存在的事實,它是要被不同的人由不同的出發點和角度來解釋。

面對某一個地方所發動的武裝抗爭、以及政府對於地方社會的鎮壓行動,要找出真相就更加困難了。這是因為統治者往往努力隱藏或消滅對它不利的證據,而當時幸運的生存者也通常被嚇得不敢吭聲;即使後來改朝換代,隨著時間的過往,他們的記憶有多可靠也是一個大問題。因此,無論是文獻資料也好,口述歷史也好,都有很大的限制。就歷史學家的立場而言,我們只能透過殘缺不全的文獻與口述資料,盡可能地說明整個事件爆發的種種原因和經過。日治時期發生於公元1915年夏天的「噍吧哖事件」(也被稱為「西來庵事件」),因為事件的規模與影響力都很大,留下不少資料,可以作為一個很好的討論案例。

截至目前為止,已經有不少學者研究過噍吧哖事件,他們的討論多集中於參與抗爭者的民族意識和「抗日精神」:或將參與者視為土匪之類的烏合之眾看待,或將之視為充滿理想的革命烈士而給予極高評價,很少有學者試圖去理解這些民眾參與?吧哖事件的真正原因。因此,我們可以說,經歷過?吧哖事件的民眾以及他們的後代遭遇到了雙重悲劇:第一個悲劇是他們在此事件中所遭受到的苦楚,第二個悲劇則是他們的經歷還沒有被正視的辛酸。

噍吧哖事件發生至今,已超過一百年了,但長年以來卻一直處於被遺忘及漠視的境地,與1930年台灣高山原住民武裝抗爭的「霧社事件」呈現強烈的對比。在知名度方面,?吧哖事件卻不及霧社事件,如《風中緋櫻》連續劇或《賽德克·巴萊》電影長片,就是敘述霧社事件。無論是報紙或電視媒體對這兩個事件的報導與關注也有天壤之別,無怪乎臺灣一般民眾普遍對噍吧哖事件感到陌生。

本次演講主要是從社會史的角度來探討?吧哖事件,以事件發生地台南、高雄山區為主要的研究範圍,利用日治時期的地方志、檔案、戶籍資料、報紙等史料,重新建構事件發生時當地的社會結構、經濟體系與宗教信仰,並且從這個角度去詮釋?吧哖事件對當地居民所造成的衝擊。此外,我也透過當地的紀念碑、寺廟與祭祀活動來說明國家與地方社會所建構之?吧哖事件方面的不同記憶。

In modern-day Taiwan, the colonial past does not rest in peace. Interpretations of the past often accompany endeavors at constructing a sense of identity, thereby sparking controversies between scholars and politicians embracing vastly different ideologies and historical perspectives.

The problem of how to interpret Taiwan’s colonial past extends to its history of armed resistance, which has been marked by two hermeneutical extremes. The first, initially adopted by the Japanese authorities, presents Taiwanese uprisings as a form of banditry. The second, advanced by scholars in Republican-era China and continued by some Taiwanese scholars, depicts these very same uprisings as patriotic partisan warfare driven by nationalist sentiments. To further complicate matters, more recent scholarship has tended to focus on elites who led unarmed resistance movements during the 1920s and 1930s, while downplaying the significance of armed resistance movements except those involving Taiwan’s Indigenous Peoples (the best-known example being the Wu-she 霧社 (Musha) Incident of 1930, the subject of numerous books, articles, TV series, and movies).

This lecture attempts to shift the focus of research about Taiwanese resistance during the colonial era from highly articulate forms of legalistic protest by urban elites to the deeds and motivations of men and women who were neither bandits nor patriots -- rural wage earners, petty entrepreneurs and agriculturists. By focusing on the experiences of local communities, I attempt to better understand the broad range of political, socioeconomic, and cultural factors that helped spark one of the most dramatic acts of armed resistance to occur during the colonial era: an armed uprising in 1915 referred to as the Ta-pa-ni ?吧哖 (pronounced Da-ba-nee) Incident. In addition, I consider how memories of the Ta-pa-ni Incident have been constructed at local sites commemorating these events, especially inscriptions preserved at memorial sites and temples as well as relevant beliefs and practices.

2017.12.27更新

 
PartsTitlePlay
全一集當紀念碑遇到寺廟:噍吧哖事件的國家與地方社會之記憶Play

Copyright © 2014 All rights reserved.
Address: No.20, Zhongshan S. Rd., Zhongzheng District, Taipei City 10001, Taiwan (R.O.C.).
Best viewed at 1024 x 768 resolution